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Friday, April 20, 2018

JAPAN'S UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR LABS: WHY 100,000 EVACUEES WON'T GO HOME?

1994, THE SUNDAY TIMES (UK) wrote that, for the creation of a warhead, Japan has now only to insert the plutonium filling in the device, which is practically ready. There is as yet, the authors of the report emphasize, no evidence that Tokyo has already made the decision to create a "big bomb" or is in violation of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. But the potential threat of such a step is growing inasmuch as Japan is extremely worried by the efforts of neighboring North Korea to create its own nuclear potential and will, possibly, be confronted with the need to adopt retaliatory measures of a military nature.
All too much indicates that the "peaceful people" from Japan are, according to a plan or with general tacit consent, building on its relief tracks a perfectly usable nuclear armored train."


WHERE ARE ALL THE PLUTONIUM LEAKS COMING FROM?
W
eapons-grade Plutonium leaks in Japan.
The TEPCO Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant's reactors were not the only sources of radioactivity releases.



ABOVE, EVACUATION ZONE, FUKUSHIMA AREA.

JAPAN'S PEOPLE STILL ASK FOR INTERNATIONAL HELP.


THE PLEDGE;  Mr Koichi Oyama 大山弘一  移動パソコン用
[Translation by Dissensus Japan]

"I want to shout for all the people in this world:
“Please Please HELP US!”
We are all manipulated by the words “radiation” and “radiation dose” without knowing the real identity of radiation source.
We are not told the real facts of being irradiated and they force us to believe that it’s just pure metal and they let us believe in “behavior and extra corporeal elimination” and force us to believe in the myth of security.
On top of all that, they only compare radiation dose and natural potassium contained in bananas and manipulated people as if it was a scientific study.

They are always avoiding the issue.
The issue is hold in the hands of enemies and when people know the issue, the energy makes a conciliatory move and took them to neutralize the attack of public opinions.
The guilt of global fallout is the corruption of concession groups of the nuclear industry and medical and insurance companies.

They made cancer to increase in a dramatic way and Japan as a nation that was victim of atomic bombs in the world which have medical history of contamination but they don’t let us know the substances of death ash in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

And there’s more. They were manipulating us from the beginning of the accident by telling us that “95% of the contamination comes from food, 4% from water, only 1 % from aspiration”.
An adult person aspirates 20m3 of air per day and in weight it’s 20kg.
We take food and water much less than that.

The lung takes varied chemical substances as it takes oxygen from air.
The hot particle size is all 1μm.
It’s really small so it goes into the blood and into the body. Then the organs take them .
The size of mesh hole of the filter to incinerate debris is also 1μm.

The information say that hot particles were diffused and flied [sic] in all directions in Japan.
The particles from hell is flying in the air and people don’t protect themselves anymore three years after the nuclear accident and children are aspirating those horrible particles everyday!!!"
Propaganda videos showing the remarkable recovery of Fukushima have been spread by the government on its social media accounts.


PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE HELP US!

Please let all people in the world to know the life we are living since the accident, everyday and today.
Spreading the radioactive debris and decontamination that doesn’t work is only increasing the number of HIBAKUSHA without good reason.
” 
--Koichi Oyama 大山弘

His blog in the original Japanese can be found <HERE>.  


April, 19, 2018  
World News: Japan ‘covering up Fukushima nuclear danger-zone radiation levels and blackmailing evacuees to return to radiated areas swarming with radioactive pigs and monkeys, many born with severe birth defects LIKE SMALL HEADS. 

[MY NOTE:I waited for our MSM to jump on that 'small heads' term and scream, "ZIKA! ZIKA VIRUS!" since the CDC tried to convince Brazilian mothers in highly radioactive areas that Zika, not radiation, was responsible for the same birth defect in their infants.]

Evacuees accuse the Japanese authorities of wanting to allay public fears over the nuclear power by downplaying the dire consequences of the leak.

Senior nuclear specialist Shaun Burnie, from Greenpeace Japan, said the nuclear nightmare continues.  “They are not telling the whole truth either to the 127 million people of Japan or to the rest of the world – about the radiation risks in the most contaminated areas of Fukushima.

The nuclear crisis is not over – we are only in year seven of an accident that will continue to threaten public health, and the environment, for decades and well into the next century.
Attempts by the government and the nuclear industry [to] communicate that it is safe and it’s over are a deliberate deception.

Burnie continued: “If they can create the illusion of the region that has recovered from the nuclear accident, they think it will reduce public opposition. [to development of nuclear power].  
The massive Ice Wall built at the nuclear plant to stop contamination of groundwater is a symbol of this failure and deception – this is no Game of Thrones fantasy but the reality of a nuclear disaster that knows no end.”

Today he says there were areas of Fukushima where radiation levels could give a person’s maximum annual recommended dose within a week.
"The nuclear crisis is NOT over at the Fukushima plant. €“ We are only in year seven of an accident that will continue to threaten public health, and the environment, for decades and well into next century."

Mr Burnie said the government claims decontamination has been completed in 100 percent of affected areas after a £8bn clean up operation.
But he added: “What they don’t explain is that 70-80 percent of areas such as Namie and Iitate - two of the most contaminated districts - are forested mountain which it is impossible to decontaminate.
“In areas opened in March 2017 for people to return – radiation levels will pose a risk until the middle of the century.
“These areas are still to high in radiation for people to return safely – and is one reason so few people are returning.”

Dr Keith Baverstock, a radiation health expert who was at the World Health Organization at the time of the disaster, told Sun Online: “For the past two years the Japanese government has encouraged the evacuees to return to their homes, but relatively few people have taken up this offer, even though there is a threat – it may even now be a fact – that their compensation will cease.”

Dr Baverstok says the plant and the areas remain a danger zone for humans.
He said: “It seems there is no end in sight for the release of radioactive water from the site and these releases will inevitably put more radioactivity into the food chain if the local waters are fished." 

Most of Japan’s power plants shut in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
But in 2015 the Prime Minister announced plans to restart reactors because the economy needed cheap energy and using fossil fuels risked huge carbon emission fines.

WHAT OUR MAINSTREAM MEDIA (MSM) JUST DOESN'T TALK ABOUT IS JAPAN'S NUCLEAR TEST LABS, SET UP ORIGINALLY IN 1941 TO CREATE AN ATOM BOMB FOR JAPAN AND BOMBED DURING WORLD WAR 2 BY 'ALLIED FORCES'.
Japan's leading physicist, Yoshio Nishina, who had worked on the possibility of an atomic bomb with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen,established that first nuke lab outside Tokyo.
Japan's navy ran 2 labs of their own at the same time, but couldn't manage to get enough uranium ore to make the bomb and allegedly closed in 1943.
Nishina's cyclotron was destroyed by bombs dropped on Tokyo on April 13, 1945.

[Source: Future War and Counterproliferation: U.S. Military Responses to NBC Proliferation Threats, Barry R. Schneider, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999, page 150.]



ON JUNE 8, 2017, THERE WAS THIS REPORT FROM JAPAN, NOT MENTIONED IN OUR MSM: 
TOKYO
-- Five workers at a state-run nuclear research facility near Tokyo have been exposed to dangerous levels of radioactive material, raising allegations of poor management and safety compliance. 
The exposure occurred Tuesday at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency's Oarai Research & Development Center.

Up to 22,000 becquerels of plutonium 239 was detected in the lungs of one man in his 50s, alongside other isotopes. Americium was detected in the lungs of three others. The fifth worker is thought highly likely to have suffered internal exposure as well. The most heavily affected worker faces radiation exposure of 1.2 sieverts over the course of a year and 12 Sv over 50 years. The legal limit for workers handling radioactive material is 0.1 Sv over five years.

"I have never heard of a case of internal exposure this severe," Shunichi Tanaka, chairman of Japan's Nuclear Regulation Authority, said at a news conference Thursday.

The agency's insufficient attention to safety "doesn't seem to be getting much better," Tanaka said.

The JAEA operates more than 10 research facilities around Japan. Each of them is organized differently, and operates under different safety procedures based on the type of research being done. This makes regulating these laboratories a good deal more difficult than overseeing commercial nuclear operations, which use only two types of power-generating reactor.

[NOTICE THIS WAS A VERY, VERY UNCOMMON AMOUNT OF PLUTONIUM IN A WORKER.]

ABOUT THOSE LABS...

The Oarai Research and Development Center of JAEA [JAPAN ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY] has a long history and tradition of nuclear energy research for nearly half a century, since it was established in the city of Oarai in 1967. 
The Center, having the three research reactors and the related research facilities, provides a unique research complex for advanced
nuclear system development and application, and an open research environment that attracts domestic and international researchers and engineers.
[ONE of the six principal research and development (R&D) Sectors of JAEA.] 

AND THEN, THERE ARE LITTLE 'REVELATIONS', LIKE THIS FROM L.A. TIMES:


New evidence of Japan's effort to build atom bomb at the end of WWII
 

Aug 5, 2015 -
A retired professor at the state-run Kyoto University recently discovered a blueprint at the school's former Radioisotope Research lab, Japan's Sankei
newspaper and other local media reported recently.
The notebooks were related to research work by Bunsaku Arakatsu, a professor at the university whom Sankei said was asked by the Japanese navy to develop an atomic bomb during the war.
Also found were drawings of a turbine-based centrifuge apparently to be used for the study of uranium enrichment.

"These drawings are more confirmation of the Japanese atomic bomb effort, something many in Japan do not want to admit," said Robert K. Wilcox, the L.A. based- author of "Japan's Secret War: Japan's Race Against Time to Build Its Own Atomic Bomb."

The Japanese government burned thousands of documents as the war was ending. Researchers believe many documents related to Japan's atomic bomb program were destroyed. U.S. occupation forces confiscated almost anything that remained.

OBVIOUSLY NOT. 

WHAT REMAINED WERE OTHER UNDERGROUND FACILITIES, THE SECRET NUKE LABS WHICH MANY JAPANESE HAD KNOWN EXISTED, KNEW WERE LEAKING, BUT THEY WERE ASSURED, UNTIL 03/11, THAT THERE WAS NO DANGER TO THEIR HEALTH.
FUKUSHIMA PROVED THAT THEY HAD BEEN LIED TO. 
IT WAS A DOUBLE OUTRAGE.


Masa Takeuchi, who had played a central role in researching thermal diffusion under Nishina, said in the 1960s that Japanese researchers had completed a thermal diffusion device that would have allowed extraction of uranium 235 as early as 1944, but U.S. bombings destroyed their secret facilities. 
The other problem was that Japan couldn't get enough uranium to move forward, another researcher, Kunihiko Higoshi of Gakushuin University, said in 2013.


WASN'T THAT PROBLEM RESOLVED WHEN JAPAN OPENED THE FIRST NUCLEAR POWER PLANT?
THE WORLD,
INCLUDING THE USA, IS MOST WILLING TO SELL ANYTHING NEEDED FOR "NUCLEAR ENERGY".

In an article published in October 1946, the Atlanta Constitution cited an unidentified Japanese officer as saying that U.S. air raids on Japan forced the military to move its bomb plant to Japanese-occupied territory in what is now North Korea, delaying Tokyo's bomb development schedule by three months. 

[IS THAT HOW THE CRAZY LEADERS OF NORTH KOREA GOT A HEAD-START ON BUILDING THE BOMB? WHAT JAPAN LEFT BEHIND?] 

When Japan surrendered, the occupying U.S. forces discovered just five cyclotrons,  devices that speed up atoms in order to separate isotopes that can then be used for a bomb.

JAPAN, 1999.

When Japanese technicians sloppily packed too much enriched uranium — another nuclear weapons fuel — into some wide-mouthed buckets at a factory 75 miles northeast of Tokyo in September 1999, it started to fission spontaneously in a classic “criticality” incident.
Two Japanese workers died, neighboring towns were contaminated with radiation, and industries essential to the region’s economy were disrupted. Schools closed, police barricaded roads, and trains stopped running. More than 160 people within a quarter-mile were evacuated, and another 310,000 people living and working nearby were ordered to seek shelter.

There was no explosion, just the usual blue Cherenkov flash, marking the spread of radiation around the Tokaimura plant in a chain reaction that pulsed intermittently for 20 hours.
It exposed 119 people to doses exceeding the 1 millisievert level recognized by the International Commission on Radiological Protection as the maximum that members of the public can safely be exposed to in a year, according to the World Nuclear Association, a nonprofit organization that advocates expanded reliance on nuclear energy. Those contaminated were a mix of plant workers and others who by chance happened to live or work nearby.  

Hisashi Ouchi and Masato Shinohara, who were in the room where the criticality occurred and absorbed extremely high doses — 1,700 and 1,200 rems of radiation, respectively — appeared normal when they entered the University of Tokyo Hospital Emergency Department on the same day. But within weeks, Ouchi became unrecognizable, inside and out.

ABOVE: The devastating effects of the Tokaimura criticality accident on Masato Shinohara, 40, are evident in these hospital photos chronicling his physical decline. He died seven months after the accident.

Slowly, his skin sloughed off and his muscle tissue died. Externally, his body withered into a skeletal silhouette, covered in open sores. Inside his body, his chromosomes shattered like glass. Sequentially, his organs failed.
By the 63rd day of his ordeal, doctors were pumping 10 liters of liquid into Ouchi to replace the fluid he was losing from surface wounds and massive intestinal bleeding.
He died in December, 1999, 83 days after the accident. 

Shinohara’s physical decline wasn’t as meticulously chronicled as Ouchi’s. But the outer layer of his skin molted from 70 percent of his body, and his body shut down in the same sequence that Ouchi’s had.
He lived for 210 days after the accident, until he succumbed to MRS pneumonia on April 27, 2000.  


Underground lab tackles Japan nuclear waste issue - The San Diego Tribune July 14, 2014

IS IT JUST WASTE OR A WEAPONS TEST LAB?


FROM RUSSIA AND THE UK, BUT NOT REPORTED BY MSM HERE:

"Nuclear Armored Train for Japan"
Possibility of Japan's Developing Nuclear Weapons Weighed
by Vasiliy Golovin, Moscow, EKHO PLANETY No 8,
February 1994 (signed to press 16 Feb 94) pp 18-23 

Tokyo--Instructions for official use printed on gray-green wrapping paper almost caught my eye about 15 years ago, when I found myself at routine training courses for officers of the reserve. They were devoted to the military possibilities of the Pacific countries, and the Japanese section of this manual confidently said that Tokyo had all the possibilities for nuclear arms and was prepared to realize its potential in the very near future. It inexorably ensued from the instructions that the perfidious Samurai were dreaming of nothing other than how to get their hands on a nuclear bomb and hurl themselves into new conquests.

It surfaced on 30 January of this year in the respectable London SUNDAY TIMES, which has always been considered a model of journalistic conscientiousness and has never, we are assured, been caught out in major fact-juggling. On this occasion the newspaper reported that Britain's Defence Ministry had in December of last year presented its government with a classified report on Japan having everything necessary for the creation of nuclear weapons. It was a question, you will note, not simply of the general potential, which, essentially, no one denies.

No, the British military, in the paper's words, declared that Tokyo already, in fact, possesses all the practical components of a nuclear weapon, including intricate electronic firing mechanisms, which have been a stumbling block for many "third world" countries attempting to take possession of the cherished bomb.

Essentially, THE SUNDAY TIMES wrote, for the creation of a warhead Japan has now only to insert the plutonium filling in the device, which is practically ready.

There is as yet, the authors of the report emphasize, no evidence that Tokyo has already made the decision to create a "big bomb" or is in violation of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. But the potential threat of such a step is growing inasmuch as Japan is extremely worried by the efforts of neighboring North Korea to create its own nuclear potential and will, possibly, be confronted with the need to adopt retaliatory measures of a military nature.

The article in the British newspaper caused embarrassment in Tokyo. To my insistent inquiries officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Science and Technology Agency, which is in charge of Japan's nuclear programs, initially refused to "confirm or deny" THE SUNDAY TIMES report altogether.
Only a representative of the National Defense Agency categorically termed the British article utter rubbish, but just as emphatically asked me not to mention his name here.

Finally, over 24 hours after the appearance of the publication, a news conference with Kuniko Saito, first deputy minister of foreign affairs of Japan, was organized in Tokyo. The mere fact of it being held, incidentally, was something quite rare for Japan, where employees of the Foreign Ministry have no great liking for openly addressing the public, preferring anonymous briefings for trusted journalists, after which the requisite articles containing references to "high-ranking sources in the Foreign Ministry" opportunely appear.

But on this occasion the country's highest-ranking professional diplomat deemed it necessary to violate this tradition in order to lend special authority to an emphatic refutation of the rumors concerning Tokyo's nuclear plans. Saito emphasized strictly that Japan adheres unswervingly to the three nonnuclear principles proclaimed by its government--not to have, not to manufacture, and not to import nuclear weapons.

He announced simultaneously that the Foreign Ministry intended to contact the British Defence Ministry and clarify with it the question of the existence or otherwise of a classified report.

Few of those present at the news conference noticed, it seems to me, that behind the decisiveness of these words Saito was refuting not entirely what had been stated by the sources in London.
They had not said that Japan was "in violation" of the Nonproliferation Treaty or was "already making" a nuclear bomb. As far, on the other hand, as the highly specific possibilities for its manufacture are concerned, the opinions of the British report and of independent experts working in Tokyo are surprisingly coincident here.

"Is Japan ready to create nuclear weapons? Of course," Haruo Fujii, one of Tokyo's most celebrated military specialists, who regularly presents commentaries in the news media, told me. But, in the expert's opinion, it would be profoundly wrong to suspect Tokyo of the implementation of some secret, mind-boggling program and the creation of secret nuclear laboratories concealed, in the manner of the old inimitable James Bond movies, somewhere in romantic underground bunkers or in the craters of volcanoes.

No, everything is far more prosaic: Japan, the expert believes, cleaves to a long-term strategy of the gradual creation of operational nuclear potential "bit by bit," dispersing this work in discrete civilian sectors evoking no suspicion. The point being that Japan is not, forgive the banality, Iraq. It possesses a colossal, very ramified diversified industry and is engaged in a tremendous number of technological developments in a myriad research institutes, the best of which belong to private companies.

At the same time, on the other hand, as Tetsuo Maeda, a former member of the staff of the National Defense Academy and an independent military expert who is well known here, told me, with the present system of parliamentary approval of the budget, it is practically impossible in the country to conceal some large-scale government spending on research without an indication of its specific purpose.

The general secretary of the Cabinet of Ministers does, it is true, have at his disposal restricted funds not subject to accounting, but I have no information as to whether they are sufficient for funding serious long-term work.
Under these conditions, experts believe, the emphasis has been put on encouraging "just in case," by way of various indirect privileges and legal budget infusions, the development of highly intricate dual-purpose technology which is being undertaken in private companies. This strategy is producing results.

For example, companies of the country long since created unique firing mechanisms for performing complex petroleum-prospecting exploration, which may now be used as detonators for an atomic bomb, the above-mentioned Tetsuo Maeda, whose opinion is shared by Haruo Fujii also, informed me.
These firing mechanisms have been tested and are being employed successfully in oil fields of the Near East. There is reason to believe that it is to these that the authors of the sensational "British report" could have been referring. "

STRAIGHT FROM THE PEOPLE THERE, REVELATIONS OF LEAKING UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR TESTING LABS ALL OVER JAPAN THAT HAVE BEEN THERE FOR DECADES.


Weapons-grade Plutonium leaks in Japan.
Who's making NUKES?
Secret Underground Nuke Labs? 
By Yoichi Shimatsu


[
The author is the former Editor of the Japan Times Weekly. Mr. Yoi is a former Tsinghua University lecturer and is a free lance journalist based in Hong Kong.]

Exclusive to Rense
03-09-18

"
On this 7th anniversary of the Fukushima triple disaster, a video on Japanese N-weapons production in the Greater Fukushima region, produced by French environmental filmmaker Phillippe Carillo and myself, based on the disturbing findings from my dozen research visits into the 20-30 km nuclear exclusion zone is being released here at rense.com. Here the key points are summarized:

First, the meltdowns at three civilian reactors and related fires at the TEPCO Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant were not the only sources of radioactivity releases. As dangerous as it turned out to be, including the explosion of the weapons-related mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel rods inside the Toshiba-Westinghouse Reactor 3, the rate of isotope releases solely from Fukushima plant cannot account for the grandeur of scale of contaminated seawater and marine-layer moisture that’s been hitting the American shores.

Second, a much greater amount of highly enriched plutonium was released from separate nuclear disasters that occurred at four nuclear-warhead production sites:

- an underground lab inside the compound of the seaside Haramachi coal-fired plant operated by the Tohoku Electric Power Company, less than six km north of Fukushima No.1;

- the TEPCO Thermal (oil-fueled) power plant in Hirono, about 4 km south of the Fukushima No.2 nuclear plant in the Iwaki district;

- a yet-uncovered lab or processing center inside the Fukushima No.1 compound; and

- a military nuclear-weapons test site in Kitakami, near its namesake mountain range, in Iwate Prefecture, north of Fukushima and Miyagi prefectures.

In addition, steady releases of heavy water have flowed out of a suspected tritium-extraction facility inside the hollow structure of the Kido Dam, in the hills west of Hirono town. According to local residents, there are several other sensitive sites in the eastern Abukuma Plateau, making the Greater Fukushima nuclear complex one of the largest and the most-advanced warhead production site in the world.

It might be noted here, though unmentioned in the video, that the military-focused nuclear program will soon be resuming at the Oma nuclear plant on the northern tip of Honshu, near the Misawa USAF base and within sight of Hakodate, Hokkaido, across the Tsugaru Strait. The remote area has no major city in the vicinity for the marketing of electricity. One of the ramifications of secret weapons development by Japan is that it compels North Korea to amass a deterrence capability, and unless the Japanese program is officially exposed and dismantled, Northeast Asia will continue to be a center of nuclear-weapons confrontation between at least five countries.

The misdirection of focusing solely on Pyongyang, of course, has not only been hypocritical, it is a massive self-deception concerning Japanese duplicity over its vaunted “Three Non-Nuclear Principles”.

When its warhead-production is fully functioning again it will be merely a matter of time before a revanchist faction decides to get its revenge for Hiroshima and Nagasaki, although in the meanwhile the radioactive outflows from Fukushima are doing that task quite efficiently.

Headquartered in neighboring Miyagi Prefecture the Tohoku Electric Power Company (a regional utility company unrelated to TEPCO) burns North Korean coal at its Haramachi thermal plant. Curiously, none of that enormous power supply is delivered to the nearby city of Soma or to Miyagi communities across the provincial border. All of its 20,000kW output is allocated to the TEPCO Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant or used on-site for indeterminate purposes. Why does a large-scale conventional power plant have to be dedicated to powering a nuclear plant along with its own massive energy consumption?

This question is the key to unlocking the secret vault of nuclear-weapons production. As exposed by my April 2011 interview with a parliamentarian who was trained in nuclear engineering, the earthquake-caused collapse of the power-transmission line from Haramachi resulted in the outage that knocked out the computers controlling the Fukushima No.1 facility, the first falling domino that led to the meltdowns.

Enormous amounts of continuous power are required for the new GE-Hitachi “global laser extraction” system employing gasification, electromagnetic charging and laser-separation of enriched plutonium from spent fuel rods. This novel process defies the traditional view that Pu cannot be separated from the uranium content in mixed-oxide rods, thereby enabling vast arsenals of hydrogen bombs to now be rapidly produced from nuclear waste from civilian power plants. Research and full-on production were being conducted in secret at the three secret underground labs: Haramachi, Hirono and somewhere underground at the Fukushima No.1 site.

To spare itself the burden of an effective containment program, Japan has been waging a “soft” nuclear war against its Pacific neighbors. Over the past seven years, I have suggested that boring tunnels into the hard-rock Abukuma Plateau is a proven method for water storage, as done under Kanto region rivers in lieu of new dams, but the government apparently prefers overseas dumping as a type of passive-aggressive vengeance.

Considering that the corium, or melted fuel rods, is mostly self-contained in the gravel and rock below the destroyed reactors, the math still would not account for the mega-effects of 311 on the environment of the Northern Hemisphere, which includes the sudden expansion of the Arctic ozone hole April-June 2011, fragmentation of the ice cap, annihilation of the wild salmon fisheries, the West Coast drought and lightning-triggered wildfires, poisoning of milk from dairy cows, and other bleak news that’s gone unreported in the mass media or falsely attributed to global warming, al in the service of course of the utilities companies that operate nuclear power plants.

How then did Fukushima disaster manage to achieve such planetary destruction while Japan itself remained relatively unharmed? The underlying answer to this paradox is center of the most pervasive cover-up in scientific history, authorized at the highest levels of the UN nuclear-energy agency IAEA, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and uranium-producer Canada’s Nuclear Safety Commission. After failing to warn, much less protect billions of their residents, the “regulators” in the US and Canada have been complicit in a cover-up of the rising radioactivity risk to population centers in the Americas due to their idolatrous worship of the nuclear bomb, the Moloch of our modern times.

The total absence of health-related data concerning radioactive ingestion, has forestalled any accurate determination of whether a global “hibakusha” (radioactivity victims) crisis is under way, but certainly the unborn have been sacrificed in their millions through miscarriages from radioactive exposure of ovaries and abortions out of unspoken fear. By the time in the future, or perhaps never, when studies are done on the spike in heart failure and cancers on top of terminated pregnancies, it will be too late for the health-care system to launch effective preventative measures to preserve the humane genome. As in the loss of insects across the Americas due to our inaction, homo sapiens will soon be extinct. And perhaps for the better, since our collective inaction proves the streak of inbred criminal denial in our less-than-masterful species.


Deadly Fallout across Minami-Soma, at least 1,000 died.

The Japanese government claimed that the Fukushima nuclear disaster took only a single life, the death of a nuclear worker. This grotesque deception was perpetrated to prevent an international investigation under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

At least 1,000 nuclear-weapons technicians and Self-Defense Force soldiers were killed inside the flooded Haramachi lab with no chance of escape or rescue due to the intense nuclear releases. Outdoors in the surrounding Minami-Soma district, high radioactivity levels forced the pullout of police rescue teams, abandoning many thousands of local villagers to die of a combination of radioactive fallout and freezing temperatures.

A longtime media colleague, photographer Takashi Morizumi was in that district three days into the disaster response and then a month later recounted to me: “Despite the risk to their own lives, those local policemen were begging, some with tears in their eyes, for permission to take on the risks of entering the radioactive circle to save their relatives and friends. Their morale was crushed when their appeal was rejected.”

On the edge the 20-km earliest exclusion zone, several hotspots northwest of the plan were due to nuclear materials that had been swept inland by the tsunami from the Haramachi nuclear-weapons site. In the Japanese language “hara” means a broad plain, and the stream-laced coastal plain lays flat for some distance into the interior between low hills. Due to the powerful seawater pressure, the front wave rose up the valleys (pushed from behind by tsunami force) and deposited the nuclear materials before receding. A local resident, who worked for state-run soil decontamination project, said the inland sites were left for last, being the most dangerous to health.

About 2 months later, a leak from employees at the Fukushima University Medical School Hospital indicated more than a thousand bodies in white lab coats and military uniforms were being kept inside a walk-in freezer in the hospital morgue. The cynical claim that the Fukushima nuclear disaster claimed only one life omits the deaths from the secret nuclear lab at Haramachi.

In the Hirono town region, south of Fukushima No. 2, [was] an evacuee, whose house had collapsed in the 311 quake. When he rested on the stones of a low embankment, he told me: “This place is known as the ‘hot corner’ because the radioactivity has always been high here.”

"Since Fukushima?", I asked.

“It’s been radioactive here for many decades” was his reply. “TEPCO claims this is a conventional plant but in reality nuclear work’s been going on here for decades.”
On another bike journey into the surrounding farmlands, I saw daisies bigger than my two hands put together and gladiolus stems twice my height, indicating genetic mutations causing gigantism over many generations.

Despite a massive security presence around the TEPCO oil-fueled thermal plant, and being berated once and expelled by plainclothesmen with the secret nuclear security force, I managed on several occasions into slip into the J-village soccer stadium site, where the Fukushima workers were housed. To my astonishment, most of the young works coming off-duty told be that their entire workforce was assigned to clearing nuclear waste out of the Hirono thermal plant, which confirmed the first old-timer’s claim that this was a secret nuclear production site, which means of course for N-weaponry. ‘

Indeed, behind a visual barrier of dense groves of fir trees, huge cranes were working night and day, and dump trucks roared out the gates and through the tunnels of Highway 6 to a loading dock, where waste was transferred to rail cars for outdoor storage in four inland prefectures. I could not help but feel alarmed as trucks blew off dust clouds over groups of children returning home from school. The Education Ministry had issued a nationwide order to public schools not to enroll out-of-town children so these kids were trapped on the edge of the exclusion zone. The saddest sight was to see teenage girls who had recently returned from temporary evacuation riding the local trains, with a quiet forlorn look of acceptance of their fate.

A young store clerk in the inland city of Koriyama, who recognized that I was not a government agent, disclosed: “A lot of guys from the coast moved here after the tsunami and rented the biggest apartments. They all drive around in Mercedes. All they do everyday is drink and gamble at cards. We’ve heard that each received 70 million yen ($750,000 at that time’s forex rate) from the government.”

“For what?” I asked.
His answer: “Nobody knows”.
Obviously, the payoffs were part of a sweetheart deal for the nuclear-weapons technicians on condition of their silence. Other than late-coming paltry “compensation” for evacuees from inside the exclusion zone, provincial and regional residents living in radioactive homes where the local economy has been impoverished by the nuclear crisis received not a single aluminum yen and zero tax breaks.

One sunny morning after a chilly night in the “hot” rain, I was investigating how the government was rigging radioactivity detection equipment when a group of grass-cutters approached while clearing the roadsides of radioactive weeds. Needless to say, they were stunned that I had slept outdoors. They warned me to be extremely cautious of the secret nuclear security forces because over past decades many locals who entered the mountainous areas were detained, questioned and ordered never to come back by men in brown uniforms, who were neither with the police nor from the self-defense force.

I took their warning seriously, and on many occasions carried my bicycle and gear up forested hillsides and waited under the eaves of abandoned houses until my pursuers gave up the chase. Then, a few years on, I traveled by car with filmmaker Phillippe Carillo, to a dam suspected of serving as a tritium-production facility. It was up a steep road at the edge of the Abukuma Plateau without human habitation in sight. We were soon joined by a truck, and we were obviously under surveillance. Then cars came roaring up and men in green uniforms ran to the entry doors of two towers on the dam to check if we had broken in. While they were preoccupied doing a full security check on the mystery dam, we tiptoed to the car and drove downhill as fast as possible. This drama was happening in “the middle of nowhere”.

The villagers had not been jesting with me.


The video closes with my bicycle journey in southwest Fukushima Province to an abandoned uranium mine run by Bund-1, a joint atomic bomb project of the Japanese militarist government and Nazi Germany in the late 1930s. A physicist at Fukushima University was the world’s first scientist to theorize the immense power of atom-splitting, and so the seed for the nuclear age was planted here, in this accursed soil.

One of the adverse aspects of the video shooting was the burn-out of so many cameras, Geiger counters and computers due to radioactivity and the consequent necessity for ever-cheaper equipment, in addition to clothing. Unfortunately many photos were blotted out by the passage of gamma rays. For example, a group portrait of mating season for golden beetles. Deep in a forest by a stream, I spotted a circle of these shiny creatures lying dead around a femme fatale.

What happened is that when the males closed in around the fertile female, the increasing radioactivity level from their bodies during the convergence killed all of them. The increase of body radioactivity levels during crowding accounts for the mystery of the sudden deaths of commuters inside the Tokyo metro system in recent years. For a survivor condemned to avoidance, and by now we’re all hibakusha, it is a path of loneliness." 

THERE ARE SEVERAL REVEALING PHOTOS AT THE WEBSITE LINKED ABOVE AND MORE DETAILED DESCRIPTIONS OF THE ACTIVITY AROUND THEM SINCE THE TSUNAMI. 

THIS PARTICULAR TEA ROOM BLOG IS THE RESULT OF AN "ANONYMOUS" COMMENT I HAD TO MODERATE THAT WAS IN RESPONSE TO THE BLOG TITLED "FUKUSHIMA EVACUEES' FORCED RETURN UNDER FIRE AT UN ".

I ALMOST ALWAYS DELETE ANONYMOUS COMMENTS, AS MOST OF YOU KNOW, BUT THIS ONE CAUGHT MY EYE BECAUSE IT BEGAN, "PLEASE DO NOT PUBLISH THIS. THERE IS SOMETHING YOU MUST KNOW..."

IT WAS WHAT FOLLOWED, INSIGHTS INTO RADIOACTIVE LEAKS ALL OVER JAPAN FOR DECADES, AND RESIDENTS WELL AWARE OF UNDERGROUND TEST FACILITIES THAT MAY BE DISGUISED BY THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS NEAR THEM.
ONE EXPECTS A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF RADIATION TO BE EMITTED FROM THOSE SITES EVERY DAY, SO WHO WOULD THINK TO QUESTION RADIATION NEAR THOSE PLANTS, RIGHT?
WHAT ABOUT UNDERGROUND LABS NEAR ACTIVE VOLCANOES?
WOULDN'T THE FREQUENT QUAKES ASSOCIATED WITH THOSE ALSO CAMOUFLAGE A SMALL NUCLEAR TEST?
DON'T ALL VOLCANOES EMIT SOME RADIATION AS WELL?

"Naturally occurring thorium, uranium, radon, etc. are all in the material emitted by volcanoes."
BUT NOT PLUTONIUM...

Japan Has Nuclear 'Bomb in the Basement,' and China Isn't Happy
NBC NEWS, March 11, 2014

China’s belief in the “bomb in the basement” is strong enough that it has demanded Japan get rid of its massive stockpile of plutonium and drop plans to open a new breeder reactor this fall.

Japan signed the international Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which bans it from developing nuclear weapons, more than 40 years ago.

But according to a senior Japanese government official deeply involved in the country’s nuclear energy program, Japan has been able to build nuclear weapons ever since it launched a plutonium breeder reactor and a uranium enrichment plant 30 years ago.

Related Story: Japan Producing Huge Stockpile of Plutonium 


WHAT ELSE IS LEAKING IN JAPAN? 
CERTAINLY NOT TRUTH, EXCEPT FROM SOME OF HER PEOPLE, THOSE BRAVE ENOUGH TO FACE JAIL TO TELL US WHAT THEY KNOW. 

WE SHOULD LISTEN CLOSELY. 

TO THE ANONYMOUS COMMENTER WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS BLOG ENTRY, THANK YOU, AND MAY YOU BE ALWAYS WELL.





___________________________

FURTHER READING

1~
Japan Confirms Secret Nuclear Pacts With U.S.

MARCH 11, 2010, EXACTLY ONE YEAR BEFORE THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI:

Japan's government said this week that previous administrations had lied to the public for decades about atomic weapons. A government-appointed panel confirmed the existence of secret Cold War-era agreements allowing the U.S. to bring nuclear weapons into the country in violation of Japan's non-nuclear policies.
Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada announced the panel's findings on Tuesday, putting an end to decades of both official denials and public speculation. But while admitting that secret agreements existed, Okada was vague on the question of whether U.S. nuclear-armed vessels entered the country. 
Since taking power last August, the Democratic Party of Japan has begun to overhaul the policies of the Liberal Democratic Party, which dominated Japanese politics after World War II. The investigation into the secret pacts is one of these efforts.

The U.S. stored both tactical and strategic nuclear weapons on the island of Okinawa, which it directly administered until 1972. The weapons were mostly intended for use in the event of conflict with China.

Since 1958, the U.S. has maintained a policy of neither confirming nor denying the location of its nuclear weapons.

The investigation's findings confirm what many Japanese already knew. Takichi Nishiyama, the Mainichi Daily reporter who uncovered one secret pact in 1972, remembers the day he obtained a Foreign Ministry document that proved the existence of a clandestine deal.
"This was clearly a violation of the constitution and a political act that should never have been committed," Nishiyama says. "I was both shocked and angered to see this."

Nishiyama's scoop could have become Japan's Watergate. Instead, Nishiyama was convicted of illegally obtaining the document via his relationship with a female Foreign Ministry secretary. The Japanese media did not pursue the story and Nishiyama was forced to quit his job.

Nishiyama is now 79 and still fighting in court to clear his name.


2~ FUKUSHIMA, USA? IT'S ONLY A MATTER OF TIME.

Repeated safety lapses hobble Los Alamos National Laboratory’s work on the cores of U.S. nuclear warheads By The Center for Public Integrity, Patrick Malone, Jun. 29, 2017

Technicians at the government’s Los Alamos National Laboratory settled on what seemed like a surefire way to win praise from their bosses in August 2011: In a hi-tech testing and manufacturing building pivotal to sustaining America’s nuclear arsenal, they gathered eight rods painstakingly crafted out of plutonium, and positioned them side-by-side on a table to photograph how nice they looked.

At many jobs, this would be innocent bragging. But plutonium is the unstable, radioactive, man-made fuel of a nuclear explosion, and it isn’t amenable to showboating. When too much is put in one place, it becomes “critical” and begins to fission uncontrollably, spontaneously sparking a nuclear chain reaction, which releases energy and generates a deadly burst of radiation. The resulting blue glow — known as Cherenkov radiation — has accidentally and abruptly flashed at least 60 times since the dawn of the nuclear age, signaling an instantaneous nuclear charge and causing a total of 21 agonizing deaths. So keeping bits of plutonium far apart is one of the bedrock rules that those working on the nuclear arsenal are supposed to follow to prevent workplace accidents. It’s Physics 101 for nuclear scientists, but has sometimes been ignored at Los Alamos.

Catastrophe was avoided and no announcement was made at the time about the near-miss — but officials internally described what happened as the most dangerous nuclear-related incident at that facility in years. It then set in motion a calamity of a different sort: Virtually all of the Los Alamos engineers tasked with keeping workers safe from criticality incidents decided to quit, having become frustrated by the sloppy work demonstrated by the 2011 event and what they considered the lab management’s callousness about nuclear risks and its desire to put its own profits above safety.

The exact cost to taxpayers of idling the facility is unclear, but an internal Los Alamos report estimated in 2013 that shutting down the lab where such work is conducted costs the government as much as $1.36 million a day in lost productivity.

And most remarkably, Los Alamos’s managers still have not figured out a way to fully meet the most elemental nuclear safety standards. When the Energy Department on Feb. 1 released its annual report card  [THAT LINK IS TO A PDF] reviewing criticality risks at each of its 24 nuclear sites, ranging from research reactors to weapon labs, Los Alamos singularly did “not meet expectations.”

In fact, Los Alamos violated nuclear industry rules for guarding against a criticality accident three times more often last year than the Energy Department’s 23 other nuclear installations combined, that report said. Because of its shortcomings, federal permission has not been granted for renewed work with plutonium liquids, needed to purify plutonium taken from older warheads for reuse, normally a routine practice.

Moreover, a year-long investigation by the Center makes clear that pushing the rods too closely together in 2011 wasn’t the first time that Los Alamos workers had mishandled plutonium and risked deaths from an inadvertent burst of radiation. Between 2005 and 2016, the lab’s persistent and serious shortcomings in “criticality” safety have been criticized in more than 40 reports by government oversight agencies, teams of nuclear safety experts, and the lab’s own staff.

James McConnell, the top NNSA safety official, said in an interview that “safety is an inherent part of everything we do.” But at a public hearing in Santa Fe on June 7, McConnell was also candid about Los Alamos’s failure to meet federal standards. “They’re not where we need them yet,” he said of the lab and its managers.   

The huge, 39-year-old, two-story, rectangular building at Los Alamos where the 2011 incident occurred is the sole U.S. site that makes plutonium cores — commonly known as pits because they are spherical and placed near the center of nuclear bombs — for the warheads meant to be installed over the next three decades in new U.S. missiles, bombers, and submarines.

Production of these cores is a key part of the country’s effort to modernize its nuclear arsenal at a cost of hundreds of billions of dollars, which President Obama supported and President Trump has said he wants to “greatly strengthen and expand.” Trump’s proposed fiscal year 2017 and 2018 budgets would boost U.S. spending on such work by $1.4 billion, representing a slightly higher percentage increase (11%) than requested overall for the Defense Department.

But mostly because of the Los Alamos lab’s safety deficiencies, it hasn’t produced a usable new warhead core in at least six years. Congress mandated in the 2015 National Defense Authorization Act that Los Alamos must be capable of manufacturing up to 20 war-ready cores a year by 2025, 30 the next year and 80 by 2027. Wolf said the agency remains committed to meeting this goal, but other government officials say the dramatic slowdown at PF-4 has put fulfillment of that timetable in doubt.

PF-4 is also the only place where existing cores removed randomly from the arsenal can be painstakingly tested to see if they remain safe and reliable for use in the nuclear stockpile. That work has also been blocked, due to PF-4’s extended shutdown, according to internal DOE reports. The lab tried to conduct those tests in late 2016, but without success.


There is a timeline on that website that traces the long and troubled history of safety deficiencies at Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Plutonium Facility by detailing the timing of some 40 government reports and expert presentations spanning the past 11 years.

IT'S A TICKING TIME BOMB, JUST LIKE HANFORD, WIPP, SAVANNAH, PILGRIM, TURKEY POINT AND AT LEAST A DOZEN OTHER U.S. NUKE FACILITIES.



JAPAN DOESN'T NEED 'THE BOMB'...SHINZO ABE HAS FUKUSHIMA.

IT'S HIS SINISTER GIFT TO ALL THE WORLD, A GIFT THAT KEEPS ON GIVING.






//WW

Sunday, April 1, 2018

DEADLY CHEMICAL HYDRAZINE ABOARD FALLING SPACE STATION TIANGONG-1




Tiangong-1 is currently predicted by The Aerospace Corporation on 2018 April 1st to reenter the Earth’s atmosphere around April 2nd, 2018 00:30 UTC ± 1.7 hours.



The United States Strategic Command’s Joint Space Operations Center, “provides Trajectory Impact Prediction messages concerning space debris to many locations” informs the FEMA operations centers, “which monitor the data for the FEMA Administrator,” according to FEMA’s National Warning Systems operations manual.

The National Warning System “is a 24-hour continuous private line telephone system used to convey warnings to federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government and public safety officials,” a FEMA spokesperson told Gizmodo. The organization pays closer attention to nuclear objects or those that may have poisonous fuels.

Once the authorities are notified, they would use the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System to warn people in danger.

Warning the right people could be difficult, though—the projected location is wildly unpredictable.

As the ESA writes in the same FAQ, “Even 7 hours before the actual reentry, the uncertainty on the break-up location is a full orbital revolution—meaning plus or minus thousands of km!”

The strike itself would litter debris spread over an area a hundred miles long and a few miles wide, says Harvard Astrophysicist Jonathan McDowel.  





Launched: 2011 September 30 @ 03:16:03.507 UTC
Site: Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China

Mission: Tiangong-1, First Chinese Space Station
Mass: 8500 kg at launch (18,740 lbs, or 9.4 tons)

Length: 10.5 m (34 ft)
Diameter: 3.4 m (11 ft)

Solar panels: 2 panels (approx. 7 m x 3 m)


In a written statement, a spokesman from Aerospace's Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies (CORDS) wrote: 'Potentially, there may be a highly toxic and corrosive substance called hydrazine on board the spacecraft that could survive re-entry.

'For your safety, do not touch any debris you may find on the ground nor inhale vapors it may emit.'

ABOUT HYDRAZINE

Hydrazine, (also known as N2H4, UDMH , or 1,1-dimethylhydrazine, or Unsymmetrical Dimethyl Hydrazine, an organic amine) is a colorless, oily liquid or sometimes white crystalline compound with a very highly reactive base.

UDMH (and its derivatives) is usually mixed with nitrogen tetraoxide (N2O4) to form a bi-propellant architecture. 

It has a number of industrial, agricultural and military uses, including in rocket fuel.

WHY IS IT ON THIS SPACE STATION? 

Spacecraft and satellites require hypergolic propellants because their thrusters are used for reaction control, which requires thrusters to fire intermittently and for short bursts. Due to the complexity in igniting a rocket engine with pyrotechnics, the ignition sequences is usually measured in multiple seconds, which makes short burst firings impossible.

HOW MUCH HYDRAZINE WAS ABOARD THIS THING?
Titanium hydrazine tanks range from 58-litre to 177-litre capacity. The 58-litre model is a bladder tank, the others being surface tension tanks.

I FIND NO RELIABLE REPORT OF HOW MANY OR WHAT SIZE TANKS ARE ATTACHED TO TIANGONG-1.


WHAT ARE THE KNOWN HAZARDS OF HYDRAZINE?


Symptoms of short-term exposure to high levels of hydrazine include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, dizziness, headache, nausea, pulmonary edema, seizures, and coma, according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Long-term exposure can also damage the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system in humans.

The liquid is corrosive and may produce dermatitis from skin contact in humans and animals.

Increased incidences of lung, nasal cavity, and liver tumours have been observed in rodents exposed to hydrazine.

The EPA has classified hydrazine as a Group B2, a probable human carcinogen.

The combustion of UDMH/N2O4 also produces large quantities of nitrogen oxides, which can further react with water vapor and sulfate in the atmosphere to form small particles containing nitric acid.

At least one human is known to have died after 6 months of SUB-LETHAL
exposure to hydrazine hydrate.
[See 9.2.3. Mortality studies at http://www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc68.htm]

IT HAS ALSO BEEN DETECTED IN STREAMS AND DRINKING WATER HERE ON EARTH.


5.2. General Population Exposure 
It has been reported that analyses of hydrazine-treated boiler water and the condensate of steam, which could have been in contact with food, confirmed the presence of hydrazine (US FDA, 1979). District heating water has been mentioned as an additional potential route of accidental human exposure. This water may contain a low concentration of hydrazine as a corrosion inhi- bitor. If this water is used to heat tap water and there is a leak inside the heat-exchanger at the user end, the tap water may be contaminated. Cases have been reported in which hot water became contaminated with levels of up to 10.72 mg/litre and drinking-water, up to 0.47 mg/litre (Bodenschatz, 1986).

Traces of hydrazine have been found in samples of commercial maleic hydrazide, one of the uses of which is to inhibit sucker growth on tobacco.


5.3. Occupational Exposure
Workers may be exposed to hydrazine at facilities producing hydrazine itself and those producing its salts and derivatives, at propulsion testing and rocket launching sites, and at locations where aircraft using hydrazine as an emergency fuel are assembled or refueled. Workers at plants using high- pressure boilers are potentially exposed to relatively dilute solutions of hydrazine.

5.4. Populations at Special Risk

Recently, hydrazine was detected in the plasma of 8 healthy male volunteers taking (the drug) isoniazid for 2 weeks and in
the plasma of 8 out of 14 hypertensive patients treated with, among others, hydralazine. After 2 weeks of dosing with isoniazid, the average level of acid-labile hydrazine in men of a slow acetylator phenotype was 2.7 times higher than in men of a rapid acetylator phenotype (Blair et al., 1985).

Hydrazine can also be formed during the metabolism of these drugs (Noda et al., 1978; Timbrell & Harland, 1979).

WOULD ANYONE REALLY BOTHER TO WARN PEOPLE IN THE PATH, ONCE THE TRAJECTORY IS KNOWN?
PROBABLY NOT.


“I imagine perhaps if there was a public information plan, it would generate more hysteria than would be warranted for something so unlikely,” Ruth Rand, historian of science, technology, and the environment during the Cold War at the University of Wisconsin told me. “I imagine some people might respond with undue fear and you might have a crisis in your hands.” Instead, it might be better to just give people what information is available, and remind them not to touch any debris with their hands, as it might contain a corrosive fuel called hydrazine.

THERE ARE WORSE, AS IN MORE TOXIC TO HUMANS, MAN-MADE OBJECTS THAT FALL FROM THE SKY.


In 1978, a nuclear-powered Russian spy satellite called Kosmos 954 crashed into Northern Canada with little warning, scattering radioactive debris. Skylab dropped some debris in a small Australian town, and the same discussions seem to come up whenever a satellite is slated to crash into Earth, as happened in 2011 when some of NASA’s Upper Atmospheric Research Satellite (UARS) crashed into Earth.


Our military has a say, too. The U.S. Air Force’s Joint Space Operations Center tracks objects 10 cm and larger in low Earth orbit and about 1 meter and larger in deep space on space-track.org. U.S. Air Force spokesperson Major Cody Chiles said, “We will continue to monitor this reentry and provide more information when it is available.” The USS Erie shot down failed spy satellite USA-193 with a missile back in 2008.
IN FEBRUARY, 2007, A CONSIDERABLE AMOUNT OF HYDRAZINE WAS DUE TO COME BLAZING BACK TO EARTH. WE SENT A MISSILE UP TO PREVENT THAT.

A U.S. missile was launched to destroy a derelict spy satellite before it could, potentially, splash a half ton of toxic hydrazine somewhere on Earth that would result in human injury or death.

"A Navy missile, on February 20, 2007, achieved a head-on collision with the five-ton USA 193 satellite and reduced it to impotent shrapnel, dispersing the contents of the vehicle’s propellant tank harmlessly in space.

How dangerous was USA 193?
VERY.


“Under various assumptions we got different probabilities of human risk from the uncontrolled entry of this satellite,” Johnson told me by telephone. “But they were all much riskier than the accepted standard.” In fact, it wasn’t until last July 20, with the premiere on the cable TV Military Channel of a special program on the satellite intercept, that the actual values were released. General Henry “Trey” Obering, head of the US missile defense effort, disclosed the quantitative results for the likelihood of human casualty: “It varied depending on which experts we talked to, but [we got] anywhere between 1 in 45 and 1 in 25 chance of that occurring.” This translates to a range of 2.2 to 4%.

“Clearly nothing prior to USA 193 rose to that level,” said Nicholas L. Johnson, who has been NASA’s “space debris” guru for many years, leading a team of experts at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.
“The risk posed was much higher than any risk we’ve ever seen.”

MIT scientist Geoff Forden calculated a 3.5% chance of injury if the tank reached the ground, although he doubted it would—and he felt that chance was too small to bother with.
General Kevin Chilton, Commander in Chief of the US Strategic Command, disagreed with Forden.

Chilton confirmed that it was the specific contents of this satellite (THE HYDRAZINE) that elevated the hazards far above the mitigation requirement threshold. “If it had just been hardware we would never consider these extraordinary measures,” he told me. The presence of the toxic chemical, in a tank completely full because the payload had failed immediately after launch, was the unusual driving factor. Johnson concurred: “The odds of injuring many people was much higher then we’d seen in the past,” he had explained. “It was no longer just physical trauma injury.”

A graphic illustration of this nightmare scenario occurred on October 15, 2004 when an off-course Chinese spy satellite’s film canister smashed through the roof of a four-story apartment building in Penglai (southwest Sichuan). Photographs through the smashed roof of the refrigerator-sized capsule sitting among splintered bricks and wood showed what might have happened if it had been carrying toxic chemicals—dozens of people might have been poisoned, many fatally. And in terms of probabilities, this was one of only several hundred uncontrolled landings of similarly-sized space vehicles. 

NASA's STUDY STATED THAT THE TANKS CAN VERY LIKELY SURVIVE REENTRY.

NASA’s detailed computations of the tank’s survivability were described in a paper by NASA contractor experts Robert Kelley and William Rochelle in Houston. Their results were summarized at the end of the paper: “Under the initial conditions and modeling techniques described above, it was found that the N2H4 located inside of the titanium tank does not reach its melting temperature. The N2H4 would have needed to absorb 43.15 MJ of energy to reach 275 K [its melting point] from the start temperature of 214 K. It only absorbed 29.34 MJ, or about 68% of that.”

Nor would the tank disintegrate from other forces.

Johnson added that the deceleration forces—perhaps 8 to 10 Gs—were well within the structural strength of the tank to endure.

As to the observation that the hydrazine “exploded” when the tank was actually hit—possibly indicating it would have done the same during the descent—Johnson was equally dismissive.
USA 193 disintegrated due to the immense physical shock of the missile impact, and the scattered hydrazine decomposed at that point, once it had been strewn into empty space. The chemical energy of any hypothetical tank explosion was miniscule compared to the kinetic energy imparted by the collision.

GIZMODO wrote:
"But if you do get hit and die, take solace in the fact that you’d be the first confirmed death-by-space-debris."

THAT'S COMFORTING, YES?

WHAT IF WE DON'T GET HIT, BUT DO GET SPRAYED WITH HYDRAZINE?
IF OUR GOVERNMENT SAW THE 2007 INCIDENT AS "TOO RISKY" AND BLEW THEIR OWN SATELLITE TO PIECES, WHY NOT DO THE SAME THIS TIME?










//WW

Tuesday, March 27, 2018

MARINE LIFE STARVING, DISORIENTED, NOT REPRODUCING: KRILL TO GREAT WHALES AFFECTED


[LARGER IMAGE <HERE>]

IT DOESN'T TAKE HUGE AMOUNTS OF RADIATION TO KILL FISH AND OTHER MARINE LIFE, OR TO MAKE THEM STERILE.

THE PROBLEM FOR MARINE ANIMALS IS THAT THEY ARE SURROUNDED BY WATER 24 HOURS A DAY, EVERY DAY, NO ESCAPE, AND THEN THERE'S THE BIO-ACCUMULATION EVERY FEEDING, EVERY DAY, BECAUSE, IN AN OCEAN WITH RADIOACTIVE PARTICLES, EVEN IF THERE IS FOOD AVAILABLE, THAT FOOD IS ALSO IRRADIATED.


Radioactivity in the Ocean: Diluted, But Far from Harmless - Yale E360



ABOVE: A humpback whale carcass at the mouth of the Delaware Bay reported on July 5, 2016. Marine Education, Research and Rehabilitation Institute, Lewes, Delaware.

There were 26 coastal Atlantic humpback whale deaths in 2016, and 18 deaths through June 1, 2017, six of which were off the North Carolina coast, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The number of deaths so far in 2017 matches the total for 2014 and 2015 combined.

Boat strikes cannot explain all of the humpback deaths, and scientists are trying to figure out what caused the other half of them.

“There is still a question of whether there is disease or pathogen off shore,” McLellan said. “There’s still something going on inside these animals.”





ABOVE: About three out of four humpback whales in the waters around Hawaii have unexplained bumps on their flanks. They also exhibit severe weight loss.

Winter usually brings more than 10,000 whales to the waters of Hawaii from all over the
North Pacific.
Christine Gabriele, a marine biologist with the Hawaii Marine Mammal Consortium,
is there to focus on the slew of worrisome bumps on the whales' flanks.

The bumps are separate from the usual ones bulging from the head of a humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae). Those iconic oversize hair follicles are thought to be part of the sensory system.
These smaller body bumps look more like bad acne or an allergic reaction. Noted on rare occasions in the 1970s, the condition called nodular dermatitis has become much more prevalent. These days, Gabriele and colleagues see these skin lesions on over 75 percent of Hawaii’s humpback visitors.
The bumps coincide with other suggestions of declining health in the whales.
In the nearly three decades that Gabriele has been studying whales, she would not describe the animals as skinny. Now, often “you can see their shoulder blades,” she says. “They look angular rather than round.”

Collaborators from the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Hollings Marine Laboratory in Charleston, S.C., are analyzing the skin for trace elements.

National Marine Fisheries Service lab staff are studying the blubber for organic pollutants like PCBs and flame retardants. Preliminary results suggest that bumpy whales differ from non-bumpy in levels of manganese and a few other trace elements. Gabriele eagerly awaits the full analyses to make sense of what she’s seeing among the migratory creatures.

Humpback whales dying in growing numbers off the East Coast

Bacteria on Whale Skin Tell a Tale of Health and Sickness

Strikingly, skin examined from 56 individual whales from populations in the North Atlantic, North Pacific and South Pacific oceans all harbored, and were generally dominated by, the same two groups of bacteria. Regardless of population, age or sex, all animals had bacteria on their skins belonging to the Flavobacteria (Tenacibaculum) and the Gammaproteobacteria (Psychrobacter).

These groups are marine bacteria previously found in association with marine animals, and but the types on the humpback whales’ skin hadn't been seen together before. The discovery of this core bacterial community on the skin of healthy humpbacks allowed us to follow up on the other important question from our first results: if and how the bacteria residing on a whale's skin may reflect its overall health.

Though we still need to learn more, the implications of this research are exciting and suggest that monitoring the skin-associated bacteria may provide a useful way to monitor the health of threatened and endangered marine mammals.

[You can read this paper at PLOS ONE.]


Humpback Whales Are Starving


New research shows that more of the marine mammals are dying as KRILL, their main food source in the Antarctic, dwindles.

A dead humpback whale washed up onto the beaches of Washington state. Although the cause of its death remains a mystery, initial observations found that the whale was overly thin, with little blubber and little of its associated oil, which humpbacks use for fuel and warmth.

It was not an isolated occurrence. In Western Australia, the number of humpback whale stranding events has been on the rise for the past several years. The region used to see just two or three dead whales a year; that has now increased to dozens per season. As with the humpback in Washington, tests down under have revealed that most of the dead whales in Australia also had low blubber levels.

Experts described the animals as “extremely malnourished.”


The conclusion: Many whales, especially mothers who recently calved and need to feed their young, could start running out of energy during their long migration and die from exhaustion.

NO, FROM STARVATION...



Strange, unprecedented behavior seen for the first time in orcas.

In what has been described as a first-ever account of such an event taking place, scientists were able to observe an adult male orca and his mother killing a newborn calf.

Although the incident took place in December 2016, it was only last week when a trio of researchers published their account of what happened in the journal Scientific Reports. According to the researchers, the attack marks the first time infanticide has been observed in killer whales, and, as Live Science noted, the only known case of a male orca and his mother jointly committing the act. 

In a detailed explanation of how the adult male orca ultimately killed the newborn calf, Live Science wrote that Towers and his fellow scientists saw three killer whales aged 2- to 13-years-old being chased by a 32-year-old male orca and his 46-year-old mother. The three younger whales were able to swim toward their other family members, which included their other siblings and their 28-year-old mother. This group of siblings included the aforementioned newborn, or neonate.

While the baby whale and its family tried their best to head to safety by swimming westward, the researchers wrote in the new paper that their two predators eventually caught up with the large group, with the newborn calf hanging out of the 32-year-old male’s mouth, as Towers had described to the Washington Post.

In the five hours that followed, the researchers observed the adult male orca killing the calf by drowning it, with the baby’s mother unable to do anything to stop the attack. The male attacker’s mother reportedly helped out in the killing, throwing herself in front of the baby’s mother and further preventing her from saving her newborn.




Right whale females apparently produced no calves during their winter migration this year.

Specialists fear the species is about to go extinct.


No new calves of the imperiled right whales were born this year, according to surveyors — furthering fears that the species is on what one expert called the "knife edge" of extinction.

The absence of newborns is something that hasn't been seen in 30 years of observing the whales' migration.
The National Marine Fisheries Service made the announcement as survey flights shut down at the close of the winter calving season.

The news comes with the whale population in an extremely vulnerable position, said Michael Jasny, the marine animal protection director of the National Resources Defense Council. He characterized it as a knife edge.

Right whales are the rarest of the large whales, with fewer than 500 (the new count is actually only 300-350 individuals) known to be alive, including only about 100 mature females.
They are massive 40-ton creatures. Their two-plume breathing spray and the lack of a dorsal fin distinguish them from other whales.

They migrate south to calve each winter, so close to the East Coast that a mother and calf pair was spotted in 2005 in the breakers off Pawleys Island near Georgetown. The proximity to boating, fishing and shipping has become deadly.

Last year, 17 washed up dead in the U.S. and Canada.

North Atlantic populations have been decimated by historical over-exploitation by the whaling industry. The species gets its names from early whalers, who considered them to be the "right" whales to hunt. Their slower pace, the fact that they come close to land, their tendency to float after being killed and their "productivity" in terms of oil made them lucrative animals to target.

Today, the species is threatened by ship collisions, entanglement in fishing nets, and separation from calving areas because of shipping traffic.

Since this right whale is found in coastal habitats, it is more likely to suffer from impacts of human activity than more open-water cetaceans. With such a small, slow-growing population, any threatening factor may have a significant impact.


Sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific Ocean

Populations of seals, sea lions, and sea otters have sequentially collapsed over large areas of the northern North Pacific Ocean and southern Bering Sea during the last several decades.
A bottom-up nutritional limitation mechanism induced by physical oceanographic change or competition with fisheries was long thought to be largely responsible for these declines.

The current weight of evidence is more consistent with top-down forcing. Increased predation by killer whales probably drove the sea otter collapse and may have been responsible for the earlier pinniped declines as well.

We propose that decimation of the great whales by post-World War II industrial whaling caused the great whales' foremost natural predators, killer whales, to begin feeding more intensively on the smaller marine mammals, thus “fishing-down” this element of the marine food web.
The timing of these events, information on the abundance, diet, and foraging behavior of both predators and prey, and feasibility analyses based on demographic and energetic modeling are all consistent with this hypothesis.

King salmon stocks have been in decline for about the last 10 years and fish have been noticeably getting smaller.   



Daniel Schindler, professor at the University of Washington, studies fisheries at the university’s School of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. He and his colleges analyzed data from fish tagging projects, catch and fishery management data from states and the Canadian government. They found that overall, older king salmon are getting smaller.
“It was only the oldest age classes, particularly the five-year-old marine age and four-year-old marine age fish that seemed to be achieving a smaller size when they return,” Schindler added. The trend was most pronounced in Cook Inlet and Western Alaska where the size of kings have declined about 10-percent.
There is no singular, concrete answer as to why king salmon are shrinking, but Schindler says that resident killer whales are much more size selective for the largest fish than commercial fisheries ever were.

Despite whether killer whales are the cause of the decline in older kings, their dwindling numbers may pose a problem for fishery managers.

REALLY?
IF ORCA ARE EATING ALL THE BIG KING SALMON, WHY ARE SO MANY ORCAS STARVING?  


Starving Killer Whales Are Losing Most of Their Babies
A nearly 70 percent miscarriage rate is threatening the future of the southern resident killer whale.


On top of habitat degradation, climate change, and other challenges, the whales have another problem: they’re not having enough babies.

In a recently published paper, University of Washington biologist Samuel Wasser and his colleagues report that from 2008 to 2014, nearly 70 percent of southern resident killer whale pregnancies failed, either in miscarriage or with the calves dying immediately postpartum.

Over the years, killer whales accumulate toxins from their food in their fat.
Normally, these pesticides and chemicals, such as PCBs or DDT, have chronic effects on the whales. But in recent years something else has happened: chinook salmon—one of the whales’ most important food sources—have dwindled.

When the whales don’t get enough to eat, they start to burn their fat reserves, which releases the stored toxins into their bloodstreams. This hurts the health of the developing calf, and the effect is particularly pronounced late in the pregnancy when the fetus is growing rapidly.

“The cumulative effects of loss of food and release of toxins are the best predicators of whether or not a pregnant female will take a fetus to term or abort it,” Wasser says.
For the southern resident killer whales (SRKW), the future is bleak.
This past summer, Wasser was forced to halt his team’s study because the whales were nowhere to be found. Despite searching for two months, they only saw the whales for five days.

“It’s terrible,” Wasser says. Late summer, when his team was on the water, should have been peak killer whale season. “There are no southern resident killer whales here at all, and that has never happened before. Never. We’re about to lose them.”

The SRKWs, a sub-population of killer whales that specialize in eating fish, strongly favor Chinook salmon over coho and steel-head. They will eat coho, though they much prefer the big, fatty Chinooks.

Representative Brian Blake, the Democratic lawmaker who put forward the bill, hopes that if the hatcheries release 10 million Chinook smolts, maybe 100,000 to 200,000 will survive, returning to the coast as adults in time to be eaten by the remaining SRKWs. So far, Blake’s bill has strong bipartisan support.

“I kept hearing stories about J pod and the lack of salmon, and that salmon is one of the factors in turning that around,” says Blake, who represents the Grays Harbor area, which is a regular fish-hunting area for the killer whales.

Scientists say if something is not done immediately, these whales are gone,” says Democratic State Senator Kevin Ranker, who has put forward other killer whale-related bills that are also under consideration.

Donna Sandstrom, executive director of the nonprofit organization the Whale Trail, says the whales’ situation seems dire. “We’re perhaps witnessing their last chapter on Earth,” she says. “The number of salmon does not necessarily translate to availability to orcas,” Sandstrom says.  

The Historical Collapse of Southern California Fisheries

Recently, the New York Times Green Blog described how two major Southern California fisheries (kelp bass and barred sand bass) had collapsed "right under the noses of management agencies." The management and oversight of these fish stocks had not changed since 1959. This news is perhaps not surprising as there are more examples of marine species collapses off our coastline than possible to list in this blog post.

These waters are home to one of the largest kelp forests in the Pacific, and this giant kelp (Macrocystis Pyrifera) is the main food source for abalone, sea urchins, and many other fish and marine mammals. Because of a spike in population growth after World War II, a greater amount of sewage was discharged into the water, leading to the deterioration of kelp forests. This pollution, combined with a warmer water temperature because of the 1957 El Niño event, rendered the kelp forests practically extinct, which meant to loss of abalones’ main food source.

The future of seafood and entire marine ecosystems is not at all certain, and based on past mistakes.
Stricter regulations and more consistent, updated research are the keys to ensuring that these species that we rely on for food, science, and natural beauty never go extinct. 

DISAPPEARANCE OF PACIFIC SARDINES, A MAJOR MARINE FOOD SOURCE
Pacific Sardines: Critical Food Source in Steep Decline


A Little Fish with Big Impact In Trouble on U.S. West Coast - Yale E360


OTHER SPECIES DWINDLING


Tuna and mackerel populations suffer catastrophic 74% decline ...


We're Running Out of Fish Faster Than We Thought - Pacific Standard


Anchovy decline spells big trouble for Pacific seabirds | Audubon
"Pew Charitable Trusts highlight on their blog a potential decline in the population of anchovy that could mean real problems for the many Pacific seabirds that rely on them to live."

Why are New England's wild blue mussels disappearing?



Ocean Acidification May Contribute To Global Shellfish Decline ...


Mystery of shellfish decline - NZ Herald

Two studies underscore the complexity of predicting the rise and fall of global fish populations.
George Sugihara, another biologist at Scripps, thinks that all simulations fisheries scientists use to predict populations and set quotas are "fundamentally flawed."

These models don't reflect the "dynamic complexity" of the ocean, and can't account for how a population's growth rate might vary in response to, for example, overfishing of another species or introductions of invasive species. His point is reinforced by a recent study, published in December 2013 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, highlighting the "snowball effect" of overfishing and confirming what many have always known about the interconnectedness of different species.

An epidemic of sick sea lion pups in Southern California is already being blamed on the decline of sardines. The last time Pacific sardines declined this steeply was around 1950.
HOWEVER, THOSE SEA LION PUPS TESTED POSITIVE FOR LEUKEMIA.

SEA BIRDS ALSO STARVING 


A Mystery of Seabirds, Blown Off Course and Starving - New York Times
Jul 14, 2017 - All are the same species of agile seabird called great shearwaters, and all washed up emaciated on Long Island beaches last month in a mass mortality event that scientists say is extraordinary for the region.

SAME IN THE PACIFIC 
Hundreds of dead and starving seabirds wash up on Tasman beaches ...Jan 31, 2018, New Zealand - "There have been reports of people finding hundreds of dead, dehydrated and starving fairy prions, an abundant petrel species, across the entire Tasman Bay, and all the way to Wharariki in Golden Bay.
There are many that have passed away. Some are dehydrated from lack of food, and some that are fit enough to make a full recovery."
Dead and starving penguins have also been reported on Auckland's Waiheke Island and North Shore, the Coromandel Peninsula and Kaikōura.

Number of Starving Sea Lions in California 'Unprecedented'--National Geographic
10,000 Dead Sea Lions Wash Up In California



“The Ocean is Dying”: Marine and Animal Life Die Offs, California

July 30, 2017 - A startling new report says in no uncertain terms that the Pacific Ocean off the California coast is turning into a desert. Once full of life, it is now becoming barren, and marine mammals, seabirds and fish are starving as a result. According to Ocean Health: The waters of the Pacific off the coast of California are a clear, shimmering blue today, so transparent it’s possible to see the sandy bottom below […] clear water is a sign that the ocean is turning into a desert, and the chain reaction that causes that bitter clarity is perhaps most obvious on the beaches of the Golden State, where thousands of emaciated sea lion pups are stranded.

"This has never happened before… It’s incredible. It’s so unusual, and there’s no really good explanation for it. There’s also a good chance that the problem will continue," said a NOAA research scientist in climatology, Nate Mantua.

Experts blame a lack of food due to unusually warm ocean waters. NOAA declared an El Nino, the weather pattern that warms the Pacific, a few weeks ago. The water is three and a half to six degrees warmer than the average

The same is true of seabirds on the Washington State coast:

Littering a Washington State shoreline, Bonnie Wood saw something grisly: the mangled bodies of dozens of scraggly young seabirds. Walking half a mile along the beach at Twin Harbors State Park on Wednesday, Wood spotted more than 130 carcasses of juvenile Cassin’s auklets—the blue-footed, palm-size victims of what is becoming one of the largest mass die-offs of seabirds ever recorded.

“It was so distressing,” recalled Wood, a volunteer who patrols Pacific Northwest beaches looking for dead or stranded birds. “They were just everywhere. Every ten yards we’d find another ten bodies of these sweet little things.”

“This is just massive, massive, unprecedented,” said Julia Parrish, a University of Washington seabird ecologist who oversees the Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team (COASST), a program that has tracked West Coast seabird
deaths for almost 20 years. “We may be talking about 50,000 to 100,000 deaths. So far.” (source)

Last year, scientists sounded the alarm over the death of millions of star fish, blamed on warmer waters and ‘a mystery virus’:

Starfish are dying by the millions up and down the West Coast, leading scientists to warn of the possibility of localized extinction of some species. As the disease spreads, researchers may be zeroing in on a link between warming waters and the rising starfish body count. (source: PBS)

Researchers found that such events, which can kill more than 90 per cent of a population, are increasing among birds, fish and marine invertebrates.

In the last few days it was reported that a massive die off of bottlenose dolphins in the Gulf of Mexico was connected by researchers to BP’s Deep Water Horizon oil spill. Evidence was found in a third of the cases of lesions in the adrenal gland, an otherwise rare condition linked with petroleum exposure. More than a fifth of the dolphins also suffered bacterial pneumonia, causing deadly lung infection that is likewise rarely seen in dolphin populations.

SO, FROM KRILL AND KELP TO SEA BIRDS AND THE GREAT WHALES, MARINE LIFE ACROSS THE GLOBE IS STARVING.

MARINE LIFE SPECIES ARE ALSO NOT REPRODUCING AS THEY ONCE DID.

SINCE EACH SPECIES AND EACH LOCATION ARE DIFFERENT, ISN'T IT TIME "SCIENTISTS" DECIDED THERE MIGHT BE A COMMON FACTOR, SOMETHING THAT IS AFFECTING SEA LIFE EVERYWHERE, SOMETHING THAT CAUSES WASTING, LESSENS REPRODUCTION CAPABILITY, CAUSES SKIN ANOMALIES AND INTERNAL ORGAN FAILURE, CAUSES DISORIENTATION?


WHAT COULD IT BE?
SURELY NOT RADIATION, RIGHT?

The effects of radiation exposure on an individual are cumulative.
There is currently no treatment to repair cells that have already been damaged by radiation.

When one is exposed to around 100 rems, the blood's lymphocyte cell count will be reduced, leaving the victim more susceptible to infection. This is often referred to as mild radiation sickness.

Early symptoms of radiation sickness mimic those of flu and may go unnoticed unless a blood count is done.According to data from Hiroshima and Nagaski, symptoms may persist for up to 10 years and may also cause an increased long-term risk for leukemia and lymphoma.

Because reproductive tract cells divide rapidly, these areas of the body can be damaged at rem levels as low as 200. Long-term, some radiation sickness victims will become STERILE.

Like its effects on the heart, radiation kills nerve cells and small blood vessels, and can cause seizures and immediate death.
Disorientation, poor balance, dizziness?

Radiation damage to the intestinal tract lining will cause nausea, bloody vomiting and diarrhea. This is occurs when the victim's exposure is 200 rems or more. The radiation will begin to destroy the cells in the body that divide rapidly. These include blood, GI tract, reproductive and hair cells, and harms the DNA and RNA of surviving cells.

Hair loss, skin lesions, ulceration of the mouth and mucus membranes, anorexia, headache, malaise and rapid heartbeat (tachycardia). With mild acute radiation sickness (ARS), the discomfort subsides within a few hours or days.

However, there are three different types of severe ARS, which can develop as a result of high doses (e.g., an atomic explosion) to small doses (e.g., repeated x-rays over a period of days or weeks): 

1. Cardiovascular/central nervous system sickness is the type of ARS produced by extremely high total body doses of radiation (greater than 3000 rads). This type is the most severe and is always fatal. In addition to nausea and vomiting in the prodromal stage, patients with cerebral syndrome will also experience anxiety, confusion, and loss of consciousness within a few hours, the latent period will occur. 5 or 6 hours after the initial radiation exposure, tremors, and convulsions will begin, and eventually coma and death are inevitable within 3 days.

2. Gastrointestinal sickness is the type of ARS that can occur when the total dose of radiation is lower but still high (400 or more rads). It is characterized by intractable nausea, vomiting, imbalance of electrolytes, and diarrhea that lead to severe dehydration, diminished plasma volume, vascular collapse, infection and life-threatening complications.  

3. Hematopoietic sickness (bone marrow sickness)is the type of ARS occurs at exposure of between 200 to 1000 rads. Initially it is characterized by lack of appetite (anorexia), fever, malaise, nausea and vomiting, which may be maximal within 6 to 12 hours after exposure. Symptoms then subside within 24 to 36 hours after exposure.
During the latent period for this type, the lymph nodes, spleen and bone marrow begin to atrophy, leading to underproduction of all types of blood cells (pancytopenia). In the peripheral blood, lack of lymph cells (lymphopenia) commences immediately, reaching a peak within 24 to 36 hours. Lack of neutrophils, a type of white blood cell, develops more slowly. Lack of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia) may become prominent within 3 or 4 weeks.
Increased susceptibility to infection develops due to a decrease in granulocytes and lymphocytes, impairment of antibody production and granulocyte migration, decreased ability to attack and kill bacteria, diminished resistance to diffusion in subcutaneous tissues, and bleeding (hemorrhagic) areas of the skin and bowel that encourage entrance and growth of bacteria. Hemorrhage occurs mainly due to the lack of blood platelets.

The area of the body exposed to radiation is also an important factor. The entire human body can probably absorb up to 200 rads acutely without fatality. However, as the whole-body dose approaches 450 rads the death rate will approximate 50%, and a total whole-body dose of greater than 600 rads received in a very short time will almost certainly be fatal.
By contrast, many thousands of rads delivered over a long period of time (e.g. for cancer treatment), can be tolerated by the body when small volumes of tissue are irradiated.

Distribution of the dose within the body is also important. For example, protection of bowel or bone marrow by appropriate shielding will permit survival of the exposed individual from what would be an otherwise fatal whole-body dose.

[MY NOTE:
Expert teams have taken hundreds of radiation measurements on many occasions in towns just outside the 20 km exclusion zone around the Fukushima disaster site and in Fukushima City and Koriyama, 60 km from the disaster. Greenpeace monitoring began shortly after the accident on 11 March 2011. The teams have also tested soil, vegetables, seafood, and sediment. Their data can be found <HERE>.]


WHAT ABOUT ORGANISMS THAT SWIM 24 HOURS A DAY, 365 DAYS A YEAR IN RADIOACTIVE WATER?
IT'S ABSORBED BY THEIR SKIN, INGESTED AS THEY FEED AND MOVE THROUGH WATER.

THERE IS NO ESCAPE... EVER...EXCEPT IN DEATH.









//WW